Coastal Resources Conservation & Management

Coral Transplantation in the Gulf of Kachchh

Coral reefs, the most diverse marine ecosystems, are the biodiversity hotspots of marine regimes. High species diversity and very high rate of biological productivity make coral reefs very important and unique marine ecosystem. Apart from its significant role as carbon sink, they also provide habitat and food for fishes, crabs, prawns and other marine life. Sponges, Polychaetes, Sea Anemones, Octopus, Star Fish, Puffer Fish, Cat Fish, Coral Fish, Bonellia, Sabela, Sea Urchin, Pearl Oyster, Prawns, Crabs, Lobster and Turtles represent notable fauna that lives in association of the coral reef.

Project at a Glance
Start Date June, 2010 End Date June, 2016
Cost

MNP&S 10 Crore

GEER    80 lacs

Funding Agency World Bank
Implementing agencies GEER Foundation &MNP&S
Components NA
Goal Capacity building of GEER Foundation Development of research protocol in the coastal-marine environment
Contact GEER Foundation & MNP&S

Reefs are also recognized as breeding and nursery ground for marine life, including fishes. The ornamental aquarium fish species that decorate the aquaria world over occur on the coral reefs.

Major coral reefs in Gujarat are found only along the Jamnagar Coast of Gulf of Kachchh. It is one of the four major coral reef areas of India. Coral reefs in the Gulf of Kachchh are the northern most in the Indian Ocean, but they are geographically isolated. Many islands in the Gulf support fringing reefs. At present, coral reef area is estimated to be about 460 sq. km.

Goal

Development of research protocol in the coastal-marine environment.

Capacity building of GEER Foundation.

Objective

Conservation and Transplantation of Coral and Capacity Building towards conservation of Coral and Coral Reefs.

Issues & Causes

The coastal area of Gujarat State is very vibrant in terms of multiple ecosystems and habitats including mangroves, coral reefs, inter tidal zones etc. At the same time, the Gulf of Kachchh provides great opportunities such as fisheries, industrial developmental projects such as oil refineries, mining, ship breaking, energy generation (wind farms) and rapid urbanization. The magnitude and scale of such developmental and industrial activities is likely to cause adverse impact on the coastal habitats and the flora and fauna therein. The area is also subjected to natural calamities in the form of frequent cyclones, floods etc. Coral reefs on the coastal area have a great significance to mitigate the adverse impacts of the cyclones and other disasters like Tsunamis. They also play a vital role in reducing the soil erosion on the shoreline. Further, very little is known about the range of biodiversity supported by coral reefs and the knowledge about majority of marine species is grossly inadequate in spite of the fact that most of them are globally endangered.

Project Benefits

Intangible Benefits:

  • Enrichment of biodiversity
  • Reduction in coastal erosion
  • Protection against natural calamities like cyclone, hurricane, tsunami, etc.

Tangible Benefits:

  • Increase of coral cover and biomass in the degraded areas through transplantation of native species using low-cost transplantation methods
  • Rehabilitation and conservation of endangered and endemic species to coral reef e.g.: Bonellia
  • Enhancement of fishery production through reef restoration

1) First Three Interim Reports of Coral Transplantation


2) Fourth Interim Reports of Coral Transplantation


3) Fifth Interim Reports of Coral Transplantation


4) Sixth Interim Reports of Coral Transplantation

Back to Top